Nuova America. Lavori in corso...

44° PRESIDENTE DEGLI STATI UNITI D’AMERICA. BARACK OBAMA PREPARA IL DISCORSO D’INSEDIAMENTO. A WASHINGTON, OGGI, GIORNO 20, ALLE ORE 12, IL GIURAMENTO E IL DISCORSO.

mardi 20 janvier 2009.
 

Arrivato a terza bozza

Obama, tour de force per il discorso d’insediamento

Un lungo week end e lunghe nottate per mettere a punto le parole che apriranno la sua stagione alla Casa Bianca. Tra i modelli anche Abraham Lincoln, il presidente che abolì la schiavitù. Lo speech-writer di Kennedy : ’’Barack è il migliore oratore dali tempi di JFK’’

Washington, 16 gen. - (Adnkronos) - Arrivato a tre bozze già stracciate Barack Obama, (nella foto) si prepara ad un lungo week-end, e lunghe nottate nella suite presidenziale dell’Hay-Adams hotel, di lavoro per mettere a punto la versione definitiva del suo discorso di insediamento.

Un’ispirazione il presidente eletto potrà sicuramente averla da Abraham Lincoln, che ha preso come modello sin dall’inizio della sua campagna elettorale a Springfield, città natale del presidente che abolì la schiavitù. E dal discorso, di appena 703 parole, che Lincoln pronunciò per la fine della guerra civile proprio nel Lincoln Memorial dove sabato sera inizieranno i festeggiamenti per l’inagurazione di Obama con un mega concerto. "Il genio di Lincoln non potrà mai essere eguagliato" ha comunque affermato recentemente il presidente eletto, sottolineando che "ogni volta che leggi per discorso uno si intimidisce, soprattutto perché è veramente corto".

"L’obiettivo principale di un discorso di insediamento e’ catturare al meglio il momento in cui viviamo" ha detto ancora Obama, che ha iniziato a preprare il discorso piu’ importante della sua vita pochi giorni dopo la vittoria del 4 novembre, con l’aiuto del suo principale consigliere David Axerlod e il capo degli speechwriter, Jon Favreau : il trio ha inziato a mettere giu’ i temi già una settimana prima del Ringraziamento.

Favreau, che lavora con Obama sin dal 2005, per l’inizio di dicembre aveva già una prima bozza, lavorando con il suo team un po’ ovunque, non solo negli uffici della transition team ma anche allo Starbucks. Ma e’ stata con una conference call tra Obama, Alxelrod e Favreau un giorno prima della fine delle due settimane di vacanza alle Hawaii che il lavoro di stesura e’ entrato nel vivo.

Al suo ritorno, ai primi di gennaio, Obama aveva sulla scrivania gia’ una seconda bozza. E dopo un week end passato da solo a correggere e riscrivere il testo, ha consegnato il lunedì ai suoi collaboratori una terza versione. Il discorso di Obama è comunque quasi finito, hanno rivelato fonti del suo staff al sito Politico che ricorda come Obama abbia affrontato questo discorso con il suo solito metodo, "collaborando nella stesura ma esercitando sempre l’ultima parola sul testo". Per natura competitivo, Obama infatti si rende conto che martedì si troverà già con il suo primo passo della sua presidenza ad affrontare il giudizio della storia, ed il confronto con i suoi predecessori.

"Obama è il miglior oratore arrivato alla presidenza dai tempi di JFK, e quindi ascolteremo il migliore discorso sin dai tempi del presidente Kennedy" ha affermato Theodore Sorensen, lo speechwriter che aiutò Kennedy a scrivere il discorso dell’insediamento nel 1961, che per mezzo secolo è stata ’la bibbia’ fonte di ispirazione per tutti i nuovi presidenti.

La posta in gioco comunque è alta, considerata soprattutto la particolare situazione - due guerra in corso ed una gravissima crisi economica - in cui Obama si insedia, ed anche la stessa fama di grande oratore. "Obama è quello che è grazie ai suoi discorsi : è un oratore che fa il politico, non un politico che sa pronunciare discorsi. Ed il vero problema per è superare se stesso" spiega Wayne Fields, professore di inglese dalla Washington university che ha scritto un saggio sull’oratoria dei presidenti americani.

Mentre l’ex speechwriter di Bill Clinton e’ sicuro del fatto che Obama mettera’ il massimo di cura ed attenzione alla preparazione del discorso, dando una curiosa chiave di lettura del modo di lavorare dell’ex presidente democratico e del prossimo : "da tutto quello che ho sentito del presidente Obama, credo che sia migliore del presidente Clinton e del suo staff : noi eravamo quelli che preparavano la tesina la notte prima della consegna, mentre si ha l’impressione che il senatore ed i suoi siano quelli che la preparano con una settimana o due di anticipo".


TESTO ORIGINALE DEL DISCORSO DI OBAMA (Ansa)

LA NUOVA ERA NEL DISCORSO DI OBAMA - AUDIO (La Stampa)


Sul tema, nel sito e in rete, si cfr. :

IL DERAGLIAMENTO DELLA DEMOCRAZIA E BUSH CHE FA LA "BELLA STATUINA"(Barbara Spinelli). RIPENSARE L’"AMERICA". E il sogno del "nuovo mondo" !!!

-  PIANETA TERRA. E-"Lezioni americane" (Italo Calvino) ....
-  USA : RISULTATO STORICO, EPOCALE. Barack Obama è il 44° Presidente degli Stati Uniti, è il primo nero a conquistare la Casa Bianca

ELEZIONI USA. LA DEMOCRAZIA, LO SPIRITO DI FILADELFIA DI OBAMA, E L’INTEGRALISMO DELLE CHIESE INVISIBILI. L’analisi di Barbara Spinelli


-  NUOVA AMERICA - L’INSEDIAMENTO A WASHINGTON

-  Ore 12, Obama giura

-  Il grande giorno del giuramento al Campidoglio di Obama

-  La mano destra sulla Bibbia di Lincoln, due milioni ad applaudirlo

DI MAURIZIO MOLINARI INVIATO A WASHINGTON (La Stampa, 20/1/2009)

La cerimonia per l’insediamento del primo presidente afroamericano degli Stati Uniti inizia alle 11.30 in punto sui gradini di Capitol Hill con le note della banda del corpo dei Marines e del coro « Boys and Girls » di San Francisco, di fronte ad un Mall riempito da un folla prevista di oltre due milioni di anime ad una temperatura sotto lo zero. Il benvenuto spetta a Dianne Feinstein, la senatrice della California presidente dell’Inaugurazione che in giugno ospitò a casa sua l’incontro di riappacificazione fra Obama e Hillary Clinton al termine delle primarie.

Subito dopo c’è l’« invocazione a Dio » di Rick Warren, il pastore conservatore della chiesa di Saddleback considerato dai gay un nemico giurato, seguito dalla voce di Aretha Franklin, che già cantò per Bill Clinton. Il primo a giurare è il vicepresidente Joeseph Biden jr, nelle mani di John Paul Steven, il più liberal e anziano giudice della Corte Suprema che, superati gli 88 anni, è il più probabile candidato a lasciare il posto ad un successore designato da Obama.

Nell’ultimo interludio musicale i protagonisti sono il compositore John Williams, autore fra l’altro della colonna sonora di « Guerre Spaziali » assieme ai musicisti Itzhak Perlman, Yo-Yo Ma (che esibisce un violoncello anti-congelamento), Gabriela Montero e Anthony McGill.

Conclusa l’ultima nota, alle 12, gli Stati Uniti hanno il loro 44° presidente quando il vincitore dell’Election Day giura con il nome di Barack Hussein Obama II - in omaggio all’omonimo padre - ponendo la mano destra sulla Bibbia adoperata da Abramo Lincoln il 4 marzo 1861, 1280 pagine rilegate in velluto e oro, pronunciando la formula prevista dalla Costituzione : « Giuro che eseguirò fedelmente la carica di presidente degli Stati Uniti, lo farò al meglio della mia abilità per preservare, proteggere e difendere la Costituzione degli Stati Uniti ».

A raccogliere il giuramento di Obama, affiancato dalla moglie Michelle e dalle figlie Malia e Sasha, è il presidente della Corte Suprema John Roberts, nominato da George W. Bush, conservatore di razza e ritenuto il prossimo avversario di Obama su questioni roventi come matrimonio gay, pena di morte e ricerca sulle cellule staminali. Il discorso di Obama sull’inizio di « un’era di responsabilità » è seguito dalla lettura di un poema della newyorkese Elizabeth Alexander, lasciando al reverendo Joseph Lowery la benedizione finale prima dell’inno suonato dai « Sea Changers », la banda della Us Navy.

Al termine della cerimonia, Obama accompagna l’ex presidente Bush e la moglie Laura all’elicottero « Marine One » diretto alla base di Andrews, recandosi poi nella Statuary Hall del Campidoglio per il pranzo in onore di 200 vip selezionati di Washington a base di pietanze lincolniane - ostriche, fagiano e dolce di mele - seguito, alle 14.30, dall’inizio della parata. Si muove dal Capitol, percorre Constitution Avenue e quindi Pennsylvania Avenue accompagnando il presidente fino al 1600, l’entrata della Casa Bianca.

La composizione della parata racconta l’identità di Obama. Oltre ai corpi scelti di tutte le armi e al reggimento « pifferi e tamburi » delle Giubbe Rosse, ci sono 90 gruppi che marciano, incluso il carro allegorico delle Hawaii con un vulcano di cartapesta, la banda del liceo di Punahou di Honolulu dove Barack ha studiato, la scuola « Young Magnet » di Chicago dove è cresciuta Michelle e gli ultimi aviatori Tuskegee ancora in vita, che durante la Seconda Guerra Mondiale servirono in un’unità simbolo della segregazione. Alle 18 la parata si conclude e Washington diventa palcoscenico dei dieci « Inaugural Balls » a cui gli Obama partecipano, a cominciare dal « Neighborhood Ball » voluto da Barack per incontrare « cittadini giunti da ovunque ».

___________________________________________________


-  Il testo (in inglese) del discorso di Barack Obama, 44° presidente Usa

-  Pronunciato oggi pomeriggio a Capitol Hill, Washington

-  "All this we can do, all this we will do"
-  Il testo originale del discorso di Obama

Ecco il testo, in inglese, del discorso d’insediamento di Barack Obama, quarantaquattresimo presidente degli Stati Uniti d’America.

"My fellow citizens :

I stand here today humbled by the task before us, grateful for the trust you have bestowed, mindful of the sacrifices borne by our ancestors. I thank President Bush for his service to our nation, as well as the generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this transition.

Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath. The words have been spoken during rising tides of prosperity and the still waters of peace. Yet, every so often the oath is taken amidst gathering clouds and raging storms. At these moments, America has carried on not simply because of the skill or vision of those in high office, but because We the People have remained faithful to the ideals of our forbearers, and true to our founding documents.

So it has been. So it must be with this generation of Americans.

That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. Our economy is badly weakened, a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some, but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age. Homes have been lost ; jobs shed ; businesses shuttered. Our health care is too costly ; our schools fail too many ; and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet.

These are the indicators of crisis, subject to data and statistics. Less measurable but no less profound is a sapping of confidence across our land - a nagging fear that America’s decline is inevitable, and that the next generation must lower its sights.

Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real. They are serious and they are many. They will not be met easily or in a short span of time. But know this, America - they will be met.

On this day, we gather because we have chosen hope over fear, unity of purpose over conflict and discord.

On this day, we come to proclaim an end to the petty grievances and false promises, the recriminations and worn out dogmas, that for far too long have strangled our politics.

We remain a young nation, but in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things. The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit ; to choose our better history ; to carry forward that precious gift, that noble idea, passed on from generation to generation : the God-given promise that all are equal, all are free, and all deserve a chance to pursue their full measure of happiness.

In reaffirming the greatness of our nation, we understand that greatness is never a given. It must be earned. Our journey has never been one of short-cuts or settling for less. It has not been the path for the faint-hearted - for those who prefer leisure over work, or seek only the pleasures of riches and fame. Rather, it has been the risk-takers, the doers, the makers of things - some celebrated but more often men and women obscure in their labor, who have carried us up the long, rugged path towards prosperity and freedom.

For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions and traveled across oceans in search of a new life.

For us, they toiled in sweatshops and settled the West ; endured the lash of the whip and plowed the hard earth.

For us, they fought and died, in places like Concord and Gettysburg ; Normandy and Khe Sanh.

Time and again these men and women struggled and sacrificed and worked till their hands were raw so that we might live a better life. They saw America as bigger than the sum of our individual ambitions ; greater than all the differences of birth or wealth or faction.

This is the journey we continue today. We remain the most prosperous, powerful nation on Earth. Our workers are no less productive than when this crisis began. Our minds are no less inventive, our goods and services no less needed than they were last week or last month or last year. Our capacity remains undiminished. But our time of standing pat, of protecting narrow interests and putting off unpleasant decisions - that time has surely passed. Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off, and begin again the work of remaking America.

For everywhere we look, there is work to be done. The state of the economy calls for action, bold and swift, and we will act - not only to create new jobs, but to lay a new foundation for growth. We will build the roads and bridges, the electric grids and digital lines that feed our commerce and bind us together. We will restore science to its rightful place, and wield technology’s wonders to raise health care’s quality and lower its cost. We will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories. And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age. All this we can do. And all this we will do.

Now, there are some who question the scale of our ambitions - who suggest that our system cannot tolerate too many big plans. Their memories are short. For they have forgotten what this country has already done ; what free men and women can achieve when imagination is joined to common purpose, and necessity to courage.

What the cynics fail to understand is that the ground has shifted beneath them - that the stale political arguments that have consumed us for so long no longer apply. The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too small, but whether it works - whether it helps families find jobs at a decent wage, care they can afford, a retirement that is dignified. Where the answer is yes, we intend to move forward. Where the answer is no, programs will end. And those of us who manage the public’s dollars will be held to account - to spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of day - because only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their government.

Nor is the question before us whether the market is a force for good or ill. Its power to generate wealth and expand freedom is unmatched, but this crisis has reminded us that without a watchful eye, the market can spin out of control - and that a nation cannot prosper long when it favors only the prosperous. The success of our economy has always depended not just on the size of our Gross Domestic Product, but on the reach of our prosperity ; on our ability to extend opportunity to every willing heart - not out of charity, but because it is the surest route to our common good.

As for our common defense, we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals. Our Founding Fathers, faced with perils we can scarcely imagine, drafted a charter to assure the rule of law and the rights of man, a charter expanded by the blood of generations. Those ideals still light the world, and we will not give them up for expedience’s sake. And so to all other peoples and governments who are watching today, from the grandest capitals to the small village where my father was born : know that America is a friend of each nation and every man, woman, and child who seeks a future of peace and dignity, and that we are ready to lead once more.

Recall that earlier generations faced down fascism and communism not just with missiles and tanks, but with sturdy alliances and enduring convictions. They understood that our power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please. Instead, they knew that our power grows through its prudent use ; our security emanates from the justness of our cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of humility and restraint.

We are the keepers of this legacy. Guided by these principles once more, we can meet those new threats that demand even greater effort - even greater cooperation and understanding between nations. We will begin to responsibly leave Iraq to its people, and forge a hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. With old friends and former foes, we will work tirelessly to lessen the nuclear threat, and roll back the specter of a warming planet. We will not apologize for our way of life, nor will we waver in its defense, and for those who seek to advance their aims by inducing terror and slaughtering innocents, we say to you now that our spirit is stronger and cannot be broken ; you cannot outlast us, and we will defeat you.

For we know that our patchwork heritage is a strength, not a weakness. We are a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus - and non-believers. We are shaped by every language and culture, drawn from every end of this Earth ; and because we have tasted the bitter swill of civil war and segregation, and emerged from that dark chapter stronger and more united, we cannot help but believe that the old hatreds shall someday pass ; that the lines of tribe shall soon dissolve ; that as the world grows smaller, our common humanity shall reveal itself ; and that America must play its role in ushering in a new era of peace.

To the Muslim world, we seek a new way forward, based on mutual interest and mutual respect. To those leaders around the globe who seek to sow conflict, or blame their society’s ills on the West - know that your people will judge you on what you can build, not what you destroy. To those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history ; but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist.

To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow ; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds. And to those nations like ours that enjoy relative plenty, we say we can no longer afford indifference to suffering outside our borders ; nor can we consume the world’s resources without regard to effect. For the world has changed, and we must change with it.

As we consider the road that unfolds before us, we remember with humble gratitude those brave Americans who, at this very hour, patrol far-off deserts and distant mountains. They have something to tell us today, just as the fallen heroes who lie in Arlington whisper through the ages. We honor them not only because they are guardians of our liberty, but because they embody the spirit of service ; a willingness to find meaning in something greater than themselves. And yet, at this moment - a moment that will define a generation - it is precisely this spirit that must inhabit us all.

For as much as government can do and must do, it is ultimately the faith and determination of the American people upon which this nation relies. It is the kindness to take in a stranger when the levees break, the selflessness of workers who would rather cut their hours than see a friend lose their job which sees us through our darkest hours. It is the firefighter’s courage to storm a stairway filled with smoke, but also a parent’s willingness to nurture a child, that finally decides our fate.

Our challenges may be new. The instruments with which we meet them may be new. But those values upon which our success depends - hard work and honesty, courage and fair play, tolerance and curiosity, loyalty and patriotism - these things are old. These things are true. They have been the quiet force of progress throughout our history. What is demanded then is a return to these truths. What is required of us now is a new era of responsibility - a recognition, on the part of every American, that we have duties to ourselves, our nation, and the world, duties that we do not grudgingly accept but rather seize gladly, firm in the knowledge that there is nothing so satisfying to the spirit, so defining of our character, than giving our all to a difficult task.

This is the price and the promise of citizenship.

This is the source of our confidence - the knowledge that God calls on us to shape an uncertain destiny.

This is the meaning of our liberty and our creed - why men and women and children of every race and every faith can join in celebration across this magnificent mall, and why a man whose father less than sixty years ago might not have been served at a local restaurant can now stand before you to take a most sacred oath.

So let us mark this day with remembrance, of who we are and how far we have traveled. In the year of America’s birth, in the coldest of months, a small band of patriots huddled by dying campfires on the shores of an icy river. The capital was abandoned. The enemy was advancing. The snow was stained with blood. At a moment when the outcome of our revolution was most in doubt, the father of our nation ordered these words be read to the people :

"Let it be told to the future world... that in the depth of winter, when nothing but hope and virtue could survive... that the city and the country, alarmed at one common danger, came forth to meet [it]."

America. In the face of our common dangers, in this winter of our hardship, let us remember these timeless words. With hope and virtue, let us brave once more the icy currents, and endure what storms may come. Let it be said by our children’s children that when we were tested we refused to let this journey end, that we did not turn back nor did we falter ; and with eyes fixed on the horizon and God’s grace upon us, we carried forth that great gift of freedom and delivered it safely to future generations.

* la Repubblica, 20 gennaio 2009


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